Annual World Bank Conference on Development in Latin America by Shahid Javed Burki, Sri-Ram Aiyer, Rudolf Hommes

By Shahid Javed Burki, Sri-Ram Aiyer, Rudolf Hommes

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Additional info for Annual World Bank Conference on Development in Latin America and the Caribbean, 1996: poverty and inequality, proceedings of a conference held in Bogotá, Colombia

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The lag and inequity in social security are also evident in urban areas. Forty-one percent of all urban families had some type of social security, but only 7 percent of the poor had any such coverage. 1ENH, Sep. 9ENH, Sep. 6ENH, Sep. 2ENH, Sep. 3ENH, Sep. 8ENH, Sep. 2Source: ICV: Calculations Social Mission based in CASEN, 1993 and sample of 1 percent of the census of 1985 and 1993. LP: Calculations DNP, Grupo de Pobreza, 1996. NBI: 1985, DANE, 1993, Preliminary calculations Social Mission and DANE.

This has had very negative consequences that prevent the progress of the poor, primarily because these groups need the poor for their political survival. The electoral system based on clientelism and patronage requires the perpetuation of a large group of citizens with restricted access to the basic services that are only provided for them drop by drop and quite sporadically by the electoral barons. For the same reasons, the populist political system prefers assistance programs that nourish clientelism, to the detriment of more effective programs that would contribute in a focused way to eradicating extreme poverty.

The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this volume do not imply on the part of the World Bank Group any judgment on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries. The material in this publication is copyrighted. Requests for permission to reproduce portions of it should be sent to the Office of the Publisher at the address shown in the copyright notice above. The World Bank encourages dissemination of its work and will normally give permission promptly and, when the reproduction is for noncommercial purposes, without asking a fee.

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