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Extra resources for Alternative Solvents for Green Chemistry: 2nd Edition
G. toxicity, flammability) and the significant contribution that solvents make to the waste generated in any chemical process. Few solvents are inherently green or otherwise, despite some misleading literature assertions. Whilst certain organic solvents are not desirable from both health and environmental points of view, most organic solvents can be handled safely in well designed plants with good recovery and recycle facilities. These plants should be able to adopt the new classes of bio-VOC solvents (Chapter 6) quite easily.
1039/9781849736824-00001 20 Chapter 1 many ionic liquids. Ethanol, which is a polar molecule and capable of hydrogen-bonding, is miscible with water whereas hydrocarbons are immiscible. In fact many of the macroscopic physical properties of the solvent are dependent on the molecular structure of the solvent molecules. For example, H-bonding solvents often have high heat capacities and this can be useful in the solvent’s role as a heat transfer medium. Halogenated solvents typically have high densities and this means they are useful in separations of aqueousorganic mixtures.
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