After BSE - A future for the European livestock sector by E. P. Cunningham

By E. P. Cunningham

Europe confronted an immense drawback over the BSE phenomenon. as well as affecting farm animals breeders and pork manufacturers, the BSE trouble concerned many different sectors of society. those comprise the linked actions of animal wellbeing and fitness, meat processing, the leather-based undefined, the wholesale and retail sale of red meat, nationwide and overseas exchange, move keep an eye on of livestock and, final yet no longer least, the perceived new chance to human future health via CJD with all its complicated interactions among technology, drugs, politics and laws. This situation additionally had different results resembling declining public self assurance in technological know-how, a scarcity of belief in reliable and not more reputable supervision of matters affecting human healthiness, damaged farm companies and a becoming fee to governments and to the ecu. EAAP ready a entire document on BSE which drew upon the deep strengths of the organization within the farm animals quarter in all its elements. the purpose of the document used to be to not protect the sectional pursuits of animal creation, quite to enlighten all sectors of society who've to make judgements in this tricky subject and to make arrangements for different emergencies sooner or later. hence the composition of the crowd demonstrated via EAAP to provide the document integrated, in addition to cattle scientists, unique specialists from different sectors similar to patron matters, alternate, economics and overall healthiness. the result is an goal and forward-looking record that seeks to supply new views and a few strategies for the long run, established upon an entire realizing of the prior. The document isn't really meant to record the factors of BSE or to gainsay the clinical info already released through famous and authoritative our bodies facing animal health and wellbeing concerns. It proposes a view of the desires of the farm animals quarter of tommorow: animal future health tracking; animal items chance review and higher animal agriculture administration; nutrition protection; consumer's understanding of meals caliber; specialist ethics within the cattle area; and animal welfare

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While overall meat consumption has increased, most of this has been due to growth in pigmeat and poultry. 3 kg/head in 2000. 4% in 1960. 2 The Effect of Food Scares The largest and most economically damaging events affecting livestock production in Europe in recent years have been major outbreaks of animal disease, such as FMD, BSE, or classical swine fever. Apart from BSE, most such outbreaks have no implications for human health. However, they cause great economic disruption and loss, and have a significant impact on consumer confidence in the safety and integrity of the production chain.

Nevertheless, individual governments and the EU have moved to reduce antibiotic use in livestock production. In particular, the EU Commission in July 1999 banned the use of Virginiamycin, Tylosin, Spiramycin and Bacitracin, and in March 2002 proposed to phase out the remaining four AGPs by 2006. Prior to this, considerable advances had been made in the Scandinavian countries. In 1986, Sweden banned the use of AGPs in animal production. In 1998 use of AGPs was suspended in Danish poultry and pig production.

2). g. 41% of world market in pigmeat) for several of these products. In 1998 the EU accounted for 14% - 31% of the total world exports of meat, butter, milk, and eggs. 3). In the world as a whole, demand and supply of livestock products are rising faster than for non-livestock foods. 1% between 1995/97 and 2015 (FAO 2002). 5% (cereals). With this expanding market, international trade in livestock products and the raw materials used in their production is also expanding. The future of the European livestock sector is therefore substantially involved with developments in international trade.

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