Acid Derivatives: Volume 2 (1992)

Top multinational researchers of their revered fields supply overall insurance of all of the theoretical, actual, artificial and analytical facets of acid derivatives in addition to their mechanistic and organic homes.

Chapter 1 basic and theoretical (pages 1–50): Harold Basch and Tova Hoz
Chapter 2 Thermochemistry of carboxylic acids and derivatives (pages 51–94): G. Pilcher
Chapter three Chiroptical homes of acid derivatives (pages 95–131): Jan Sandstrom
Chapter four Mass spectrometry of carboxylic acid derivatives (pages 133–151): Helge Egsgaard and Lars Carlsen
Chapter five Nuclear magnetic resonance of acids and acid derivatives (pages 153–226): Poul Erik Hansen
Chapter 6 ESR reports of natural unfastened radicals from carboxylic acids and their derivatives (pages 227–266): Michael J. Davies, Bruce C. Gilbert and Adrian C. Whitwood
Chapter 7 Vibrational research of acid derivatives (pages 271–303): Herman O. Desseyn
Chapter eight Acid–base homes of carboxylic acids, esters and amides (pages 305–369): Romuald I Zalewski
Chapter nine Syntheses and makes use of of isotopically labelled acid derivatives (pages 371–546): Mieczyslaw Zielinski and Marianna Kanska
Chapter 10 The chemistry of lactones and lactams (pages 547–614): G. V. Boyd
Chapter eleven the unreal makes use of of carboxylic acids and their derivatives (pages 615–701): Jeffrey Hoyle
Chapter 12 Vapour and gas?phase reactions of carboxylic acids and their derivatives (pages 703–746): Kenneth A. Holbrook
Chapter thirteen Mechanistic features. contemporary advancements relating mechanisms of acylation by way of carboxylic acid derivatives (pages 747–802): D. P. N. Satchell and R. S. Satchell
Chapter 14 Thio derivatives (pages 803–847): S. Kato and T. Murai
Chapter 15 Hydroxamic acids (pages 849–873): James W. Munson
Chapter sixteen The chemistry of amidoximes (pages 875–966): Demetrios N. Nicolaides and Evangelia A. Varella
Chapter 17 training and chemistry of ortho acids, ortho esters and ortho amides (pages 967–1030): Ulf Pindur
Chapter 18 contemporary advancements pertaining to carboxyl teams in biochemistry (pages 1031–1061): Alan H. Mehler
Chapter 19 Pharmacology of acid derivatives (pages 1063–1105): Abraham Danon and Zvi Ben?Zvi
Chapter 20 Photochemistry of esters, lactones and their thio analogues (pages 1107–1198): Hiroshi Suginome
Chapter 21 Radiation chemistry of fatty and amino acids (pages 1199–1248): S. V. Jovanovic and Lj. R. Josimovic
Chapter 22 Electrochemistry of carboxylic acids: mechanistic elements of Kolbe?type reactions (pages 1249–1270): Elisabet Ahlberg
Chapter 23 Rearrangements (pages 1271–1394): Miguel A. Miranda and Hermenegildo Garcia
Chapter 24 the applying of lipases in natural synthesis (pages 1395–1473): Gudmundur G. Haraldsson
Chapter 25 Diazoacetic acids and derivatives (pages 1475–1637): Oleg M. Nefedov, Evgenii A. Shapiro and Alexey B. Dyatkin
Chapter 26 Anion radicals of fragrant carboxylic acids and their derivatives: constitution and reactivity (pages 1639–1682): Isaak I. Bilkis

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Extra resources for Acid Derivatives: Volume 2 (1992)

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GAUSSIAN88: M. J. Frisch, M. Head-Gordon, H. B. Schlegel, K. Raghavachari, J. S. Binkley, C. Gonzalez, D. J. Defrees, D. J. Fox, R. A. Whiteside, R. Seeger, C. F. Melius, J. Baker, R. Martin, L. R. Kahn, J. J. P. Stewart, E. M. Fluder, S. Topiol and J. A. , Pittsburgh, PA, 1988. 5. H. Basch, in The Chemistry of Sulphinic Acids, Esters and Their Derivatives, (Ed. S . Patai), Chap. 2, Wiley, Chichester, 1990, p. 9. 6. H. Basch and T. Hoz, in The Chemistry of Sulphonic Acids, Esters and Their Derivatives, (Eds.

Cation attachment at the carbonyl oxygen draws electron density from the C=O bond and weakens it. The (single) C-0 bond adjacent to C=O, on the other hand, decreases in length upon metal ion complexation or protonation at C=Q. This could be explained by the cation attachment making the carbonyl carbon atom more electronegative and drawing I[ electron density into the C-0 bond from the hydroxyl oxygen atom which strengthens it by adding partial double bond character. This type of explanation is not appropriate to the C-C bond which is relatively unaffected by complexation/protonation (Figures 23-31).

The monomers, metal cation (Ni' and Pt') complexes and protonated structures are shown in Figures 17-22 for formic acid in both its syn and anti forms. The conformer differences have been discussed a b ~ v e ~ ~The . ~ syn ' . geometry is the more stable of the two in the monomer but the anti conformer has the possibility of the cation interacting with two oxygen atoms. Table 4 confirms the expected greater bond dissociation energy (relative to its own asymptotes) of the anti metal ion complex structure by 5-6 kcal mol-', at both the H F and MP2 levels.

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