By Bernice Glatzer-Rosenthal, Martha Bohachevsky-Chomiak
The non secular revival that's sweeping the Soviet Union this day had its genesis within the non secular renaissance of the early twentieth century. In either instances, it was once lay intellectuals, disillusioned with simplistic positivism and materialism, who tailored Russian orthodoxy to fashionable existence. Their principles reverberated, not just in faith and philosophy, yet in paintings, literature, portray, theater and picture. Banned by means of the Soviet govt in 1922, the writings of the non secular renaissance have been rediscovered within the Brezhnev period through a brand new new release of Soviet intellectuals disappointed with Marxism. Circulating from hand handy in unlawful typewritten variants (samizdat), they exerted an evergrowing effect on Soviet society, from the very best all the way down to usual humans. below the recent coverage of glasnost, the govt itself is at the moment reprinting their works. the choices incorporated during this quantity mirror the profundity and breadth in their concept and are awarded in English for the 1st time. the popularity of the common desire and value of religious values and beliefs united this differently heterogeneous crew and bears witness to the range in their method of the fundamental problems with the human situation. The centrality of those lay intellectuals' issues transcends the specifics of the old state of affairs in early twentieth century Russia and makes their writings suitable to the common human . so as of visual appeal, the choices are: VLADIMIR SOLOVYOV, The Enemy from the East, The Russian nationwide perfect; NIKOLAI GROT, at the precise initiatives of Philosophy; SERGEI DIAGHILEV, complicated Questions; VASILLY V. ROZANOV, On Sweetest Jesus and the sour culmination of the area; NIKOLAI BERDIAEV, Socialism as faith; SERGEI BULGAKOV, An pressing job; VIACHISLAV IVANOV, problem of Individualism, GEORGII CHULKOV, On Mystical Anarchism; DMITRI S. MEREZHKOVSKY, Revolution and faith, The Jewish query As a Russian query; GEORGII FLOROVSKY, on the earth of Quests and Wanderings; PAVEL NOVGORODTSEV, The Essence of the Russian Orthodox attention; PETR STRUVE, The Intelligentsia and the nationwide Face; ANDREI BELY, Revolution and tradition; ALEKSANDR BLOK, Catiline; EVGENY TRUBETSKOI, The Bolshevist Utopia and the non secular circulate.
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Additional info for A Revolution of the Spirit: Crisis of Value in Russia, 1890-1924
Literary classics and entire philosophical schools are again being published and studied in the Soviet Union itself. The debates illustrated by the selections presented in this volume are being perpetuated in contemporary Soviet society not only through specialized publications but in the mass media. For example, an article in Moskovskie novosti (Moscow News), on April 3, 1988, on the publication of Boris Pasternak's Doctor Zhivago noted that the hero was influenced by Berdiaev and suggested that Berdiaev be published as well.
V. Ivanov (winner of the Lenin Prize). The recent Soviet film Repentance concludes with the rhetorical question What is a street without a church? On June 11, 1989, Moskovskie novosti published an article The Mad Russian Idea describing, positively, the relevance of the attempts at spiritual renewal and Christian politics of Solovyov, Berdiaev, Merezhkovsky, Shestov, Florensky, Frank, and Fedotov, and announced plans to publish their works in important journals Page xi such as Voprosy literatury (Problems of Literature), Voprosy filosofii (Problems of Philosophy), and Literaturnaia ucheba (Literary Studies).
He neglected appearances, dressed with complete disregard for convention, and was a vegetarian given to periodic gourmet feasts lest his vegetarianism become an ascetic fetish. He seriously considered marriage three times. Although, according to his friend Evgeny Trubetskoi, he lived most of his life in a state of erotic exaltation, he withdrew from each prospective relationship at the last minute. 11 Solovyov's reasons for rejecting marriage and a settled life were most clearly given to his first love: I am giving you a direct answer: I love you as much as I can love.