• History Surveys
  • The Great Philosophers: An Introduction to Western by Bryan Magee

    By Bryan Magee

    Starting with the dying of Socrates in 399 BC, and following the strand of philosophical inquiry throughout the centuries to fresh figures resembling Bertrand Russell and Wittgenstein, Bryan Magee's conversations with fifteen modern writers and philosophers supply an obtainable and intriguing account of Western philosophy and its maximum thinkers. With contributions from A. J. Ayer, Bernard Williams, Martha Nussbaum, Peter Singer, and John Searle, the e-book isn't just an advent to the philosophers of the earlier, yet provides a useful perception into the view and personalities of a few of the main influential philosophers of the 20th century.

    Show description

  • History Surveys
  • Slavoj Zizek: Live Theory by Rex Butler

    By Rex Butler

    Slavoj Zizek is definitely one of many world's top cultural critics. His witty, psychoanalytically-inspired analyses of up to date society have nearly single-handedly revived the concept of ideology. His amazing commentaries at the French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan and the nineteenth century German Idealists have introduced alive their frequently tricky rules for a brand new iteration of readers. yet does Zizek have something to assert in his personal correct? Is there a process of idea that we will appropriately name "Zizekian"? This e-book argues that there's, via a interpreting of 2 phrases in his paintings - the master-signifier and the act. that includes an interview with Zizek himself, Slavoj Zizek: reside concept provides a photograph of the Zizek process perfect for undergraduates in social and cultural idea and philosophy.

    Show description

  • History Surveys
  • Idealism and Existentialism: Hegel and Nineteenth- and by Jon Stewart

    By Jon Stewart

    The background of Continental philosophy is frequently conceived as being represented through significant colleges: German idealism and phenomenology/existentialism. those faculties are often juxtaposed in order to spotlight their purported radical alterations. there's a usually held view that an abrupt holiday happened within the 19th century, leading to a disdainful rejection of idealism in all its varieties. This holiday is frequently situated within the transition from Hegel to Kierkegaard. The historical past of philosophy within the first 1/2 the 19th century has therefore been learn as a grand war of words among the overambitious rationalistic approach of Hegel and the devastating criticisms of it through Kierkegaard's philosophy of lifestyles.

    This paintings goals to undermine this well known view of the unconventional holiday among idealism and existentialism via a chain of special reviews in particular episodes of eu concept. As an entire, this e-book represents a massive try to display the lengthy shadow solid through Kant and Hegel over the next heritage of eu philosophy.

    Show description

  • History Surveys
  • Kant and the Dynamics of Reason: Essays on the Structure of by Gerd Buchdahl

    By Gerd Buchdahl

    This quantity constitutes a singular procedure for characterizing and coming to an realizing of Kant's transcendental philosophy. It additionally permits the applying of the implications to a substantial physique of post-Kantian 20th-century philosophy, together with the writings of Wittgenstein, Husserl, Heidegger and others. on the center of the book's interpretation lies the competition that Kantian transcendentalism is healthier understood dynamically. while traditional interpretation has tended to determine some of the parts of Kantian concept, reminiscent of the "thing-in-itself", the "transcendental object", and "appearance", as mounted entities whose relation to the realm of expertise is defined through philosophy, this publication seeks to teach that they're phases within the dynamic "realization" of what's, actually, a similar factor. the writer as a result seeks to penetrate and end up a scientific presentation of the deeper layers of Kant's philosophical technique, with the reduction-realization strategy because the key to an realizing of even the darkest sections of Kant's paintings. additionally the publication makes a speciality of the relevance of the constitution of clinical thought formation for our realizing of Kant's transcendental constitution; the dialogue instructing huge classes about the nature of a "transcendental argument", its style and ranging levels of power.

    Show description

  • History Surveys
  • On Looking Into the Abyss: Untimely Thoughts on Culture and by Gertrude Himmelfarb

    By Gertrude Himmelfarb

    In those provocative essays, one among our such a lot wonderful historians appears to be like into the abyss of the current. Himmelfarb exposes the highbrow and non secular impoverishment of a few of our most trendy present ideas--and indicates how the fashion for historic structuralism has made it attainable to trivialize the tragedy of the Holocaust.

    From the exchange Paperback edition.

    Show description

  • History Surveys
  • The Blackwell Guide to Continental Philosophy by Robert Solomon, David Sherman

    By Robert Solomon, David Sherman

    The Blackwell advisor to Continental Philosophy is an available yet subtle creation to crucial figures in Continental philosophy within the final 2 hundred years.
    Presents a definitive advent to the center figures and subject matters of continental philosophy.
    Contains newly commissioned essays, all of that are written via the world over individual scholars.
    Provides a superb starting place for additional study.
    - topics contain Hegel, Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard, Marx and Marxism, Nietzsche, Husserl and Phenomenology, Heidegger, Sartre, severe conception, Habermas, Gadamer, Foucault, Derrida, postmodernism, and French feminism.

    Show description

  • History Surveys
  • Descartes embodied : reading Cartesian philosophy through by Daniel Garber

    By Daniel Garber

    'This quantity collects many of the seminal essays on Descartes by means of Daniel Garber, one of many preeminent students of early-modern philosophy. A vital subject unifying the quantity is the interconnection among Descartes' philosophical and medical pursuits, and the level to which those aspects of the Cartesian software remove darkness from one another, a question not often taken care of within the latest literature.' 'Among the explicit issues mentioned within the essays are Descartes' celebrated procedure, his call for for walk in the park within the sciences, his account of the relation of brain and physique, and his belief of God's task at the actual world.' 'This assortment might be a compulsory buy for any critical scholar of or expert operating in seventeenth-century philosophy, background of technology, or background of ideas.'--Jacket. & nbsp;Read more...

    Show description

  • History Surveys
  • Dictionary of Early American Philosophers by John R. Shook

    By John R. Shook

    The Dictionary of Early American Philosophers, which incorporates over four hundred entries via approximately three hundred authors, offers an account of philosophical concept within the usa and Canada among 1600 and 1860. The label of "philosopher" has been generally utilized during this Dictionary to intellectuals who've made philosophical contributions despite educational profession or expert identify. so much figures weren't educational philosophers, as few such positions existed then, yet they did paintings on philosophical concerns and explored philosophical questions fascinated with such fields as pedagogy, rhetoric, the humanities, background, politics, economics, sociology, psychology, medication, anthropology, faith, metaphysics, and the common sciences.

    Each access starts off with biographical and profession info, and maintains with a dialogue of the subject's writings, educating, and concept. A cross-referencing method refers the reader to different entries. The concluding bibliography lists major guides via the topic, posthumous variations and picked up works, and additional examining in regards to the subject.

    Show description

  • History Surveys
  • Language and Solitude: Wittgenstein, Malinowski and the by Ernest Gellner

    By Ernest Gellner

    It is a vastly clever and well-written booklet. The intensity and breadth of Gellner's wisdom are really extraordinary. That acknowledged, i believe the booklet is wrong-headed in at the very least significant ways.

    Most importantly Gellner assumes that the historical-cultural state of affairs of a society is completely mirrored within the highbrow and mental makeup of its electorate. He continues this trust regardless of proof on the contrary (e.g., that Wittgenstein by no means referred to tradition or politics, that he was once amazingly poorly learn within the correct texts, or that the Tractatus is a unbroken extension of the Cartesian empirical tradition). Gellner turns out to think in an osmosis concept of studying, given the shortcoming of proof that folks truly knew or believed issues, and so he consistently falls again on rules "being within the air" or issues that "surely everybody knew."

    This is a few type of old Distance Fallacy. definitely nobody (no educational) might imagine it attainable to minimize the social, cultural, political problems with today's the USA to a definitive description just a couple of pages lengthy after which suppose that this description was once additionally an outline of the brain of a few randomly-chosen person. (And if this isn't acceptable to randomly-chosen members, then Gellner must make a few extra arguments as to why it applies to any particular person.)

    The moment weak point is that i feel Gellner thoroughly misinterprets Wittgenstein's later paintings (i.e., the location he's taking in Philosophical Investigations). Gellner claims that Wittgenstein changed the logical atomism of the Tractatus with a cultural determinist/relativist place dependent in a romantic view of the peasantry. He believes despite his admission that Wittgenstein by no means said such things.

    It turns out to me that the view within the Tractatus was once, as Gellner describes, one during which phrases restricted what the realm used to be. within the empiricist culture, essentially you cannot get past the phrases to the realm "itself." My view of the transition is that Wittgenstein shifted from this view (that phrases either created and restricted fact) to the concept that language used to be anything that individuals used as they interacted with the area. this can be a shift from "given that we all know we've language, what do we say in regards to the world?" to "given that we are living on this planet, what do we say approximately language?" the reason is, Wittgenstein turns out so passionate about instruments and workmen and it ties in to the tale informed in regards to the dialog he overheard at the educate during which a "meaningless" comment used to be understood and utilized in conversation.

    Gellner turns out to imagine that the Philosophical Investigations does not enable for errors or critique, yet i feel that each one it excludes is philosophical critique of the type that philosophers like to have interaction during which permits them to declare that engineers or botanists or carpenters "don't understand anything."

    Show description